This study investigates the adverse and persistent effects of ethinylestradiol (EE2) on mature gonads of transgenic olvas-GFP/ST II-YI medaka (Oryzias latipes). The measurement of gonadal size calculating the GFP-fluorescent area was used as a technique that enabled monitoring gonads in living specimens by GFP fluorescence. First, mature medaka were exposed to EE2 (47.8-522 ng/L) for 4 weeks. The gonads showed a significant reduction of the GFP-fluorescent area and Gonadosomatic Index in males exposed to EE2 at >216 ng/L and females exposed at 522 ng/L. Histologically, males at all treatments exhibited testis-ova and additionally, high connective tissue prevalence at ≥216 ng/L. Next, mature male medaka were exposed to EE2 (43.7-473 ng/L) for 3 weeks and allowed to depurate for 6 weeks, to investigate persistent effects of EE2. Continuous gonad observation showed that GFP began to decline 3 weeks after initial exposure to ≥215 ng/L. After depuration, the gonad's fluorescent areas gradually recovered, with no statistical difference at the end of the depuration period; normal spermatogenesis was present in these individuals. Alterations in GFP fluorescence clearly indicate the condition of the gonad in transgenic medaka and this strain showed a facilitated screening fish model to detect the adverse effects on the gonad by estrogenic chemicals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry