Quantitative comparison of rat hepatocyte functions in two improved culture systems with or without rat liver epithelial cell line

Yasuyuki Sakai, Kazuhiro Ichikawa, Akiyoshi Sakoda, Motoyuki Suzuki

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    Abstract

    We quantitatively evaluated two recently-developed novel techniques for hepatocyte cultivation in a dish level; that is, spheroid culture and membrane-supported collagen (CN) gel sandwich culture, in terms of cellular maintenance, albumin secretion and 7-ethoxycoumarin (7EC) metabolism to 7- hydroxycoumarin (7HC) as a marker for cytochrome P450 IA1 activity in the presence and absence of rat liver epithelial cell line (RLEC) during one month of culture, together with conventional coculture with RLEC in CN- coated dishes as a control. RLEC prevented spheroid loss caused by its detachment from the culture dishes often occurring in pure culture. CN-gel sandwich by itself improved remarkably hepatocyte maintenance when compared with CN-gel free systems, thereby resulting in enhancement of overall functional expressions as compared with CN-gel free systems. RLEC in CN-gel sandwich, however, reduced cellular sustainment probably due to its suppression of hepatocyte growth. Although there were no significant differences in albumin secretion per cell among the five cultures examined, CN-gel sandwich expressed markedly higher 7EC metabolizing activity per cell, where RLEC presence had a preferable influence. Consequently, membrane- supported CN-gel sandwich was the most superior technique for hepatocyte cultivation from the standpont of both cellular maintenance and its functional expressions per cell.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)243-252
    Number of pages10
    JournalCytotechnology
    Volume21
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

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    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Biotechnology
    • Bioengineering
    • Biomedical Engineering
    • Clinical Biochemistry
    • Cell Biology

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