Quantitative estimation of carbonation and chloride penetration in reinforced concrete by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Shuzo Eto, Toyofumi Matsuo, Takuro Matsumura, Takashi Fujii, Masayoshi Y. Tanaka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The penetration profile of chlorine in a reinforced concrete (RC) specimen was determined by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). The concrete core was prepared from RC beams with cracking damage induced by bending load and salt water spraying. LIBS was performed using a specimen that was obtained by splitting the concrete core, and the line scan of laser pulses gave the two-dimensional emission intensity profiles of 100 × 80 mm2 within one hour. The two-dimensional profile of the emission intensity suggests that the presence of the crack had less effect on the emission intensity when the measurement interval was larger than the crack width. The chlorine emission spectrum was measured without using the buffer gas, which is usually used for chlorine measurement, by collinear double-pulse LIBS. The apparent diffusion coefficient, which is one of the most important parameters for chloride penetration in concrete, was estimated using the depth profile of chlorine emission intensity and Fick's law. The carbonation depth was estimated on the basis of the relationship between carbon and calcium emission intensities. When the carbon emission intensity was statistically higher than the calcium emission intensity at the measurement point, we determined that the point was carbonated. The estimation results were consistent with the spraying test results using phenolphthalein solution. These results suggest that the quantitative estimation by LIBS of carbonation depth and chloride penetration can be performed simultaneously.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)245-253
    Number of pages9
    JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy
    Volume101
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Instrumentation
    • Spectroscopy

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