Quantitative imaging of T g in block copolymers by low-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy

Ryotaro Aso, Hiroki Kurata, Takeshi Namikoshi, Tamotsu Hashimoto, Shiao Wei Kuo, Feng Chih Chang, Hirokazu Hasegawa, Masahiko Tsujimoto, Mikio Takano, Seiji Isoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is often difficult to observe nanoscale structures of polymeric materials using conventional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) because of their weak scattering contrast. To produce quantitative image contrast without any staining, low-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (LAADF-STEM) was studied for its applicability for observing fine structures in block copolymers. The LAADF-STEM images displayed microphase-separated morphologies of block copolymers with high S/N contrast depending on the intrinsic density difference because of nonstaining. We found that the temperature dependence of the image contrast showed a kink around the glass-transition of the constituent phase, from which one can estimate glass transition temperatures and thermal expansion coefficients at nanoscale. This indicates that the LAADF-STEM imaging is an effective tool to quantitatively image nanoscale phases of polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8589-8595
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume46
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2013
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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