Quantitative studies on the thermal stability of the interface between graphite electrode and electrolyte

Takayuki Doi, Liwei Zhao, Mingjiong Zhou, Shigeto Okada, Jun ichi Yamaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal stability of a charged graphite electrode was studied quantitatively by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Charged electrode powder gave exothermic peaks at around 285 °C, and their heat values were proportional to the amount of charged electrode powder sealed in hermetic pans. These results suggest that a solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) that is formed on graphite during charging would react exothermally with charged graphite at around 285 °C. Mass spectrometry coupled with thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA/MS) of the charged electrode powder indicated that the exothermic reactions at around 285 °C should be accompanied by the generation of methane. When charged electrode powders coexisted with electrolyte solution in a hermetic pan, the heat values at around 285 °C varied in an apparently complicated way depending on the ratio of charged electrode powder to an electrolyte. These phenomena are discussed quantitatively by considering the amount of lithium-ions in charged graphite powder and a coexisting electrolyte. These results suggest that the exothermic reactions at around 285 °C can be attributed to the reductive decomposition of SEI by charged graphite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1380-1385
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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