R-spondin 2 promotes osteoblastic differentiation of immature human periodontal ligament cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

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Abstract

Objective: In this study, we measured the expression of R-spondin 2 (RSPO2) in periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue and cells. Further, we examined the effects of RSPO2 on osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells (HPDLCs). Background: R-spondin (RSPO) family proteins are secreted glycoproteins that play important roles in embryonic development and tissue homeostasis through activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. RSPO2, a member of the RSPO family, has been reported to enhance osteogenesis in mice. However, little is known regarding the roles of RSPO2 in PDL tissues. Methods: Expression of RSPO2 in rat PDL tissue and primary HPDLCs was examined by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining, as well as by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The effects of stretch loading on the expression of RSPO2 and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of receptors for RSPOs, such as Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors (LGRs) 4, 5, and 6 in immature human PDL cells (cell line 2-14, or 2-14 cells), was investigated by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Mineralized nodule formation in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 under osteoblastic inductive condition was examined by Alizarin Red S and von Kossa stainings. Nuclear translocation of β-catenin and expression of active β-catenin in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 were assessed by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting analysis, respectively. In addition, the effect of Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was also examined. Results: Rat PDL tissue and HPDLCs expressed RSPO2, and HPDLCs also expressed RSPO2, while little was found in 2-14 cells. Expression of RSPO2 as well as DKK1 in HPDLCs was significantly upregulated by exposure to stretch loading. LGR4 was predominantly expressed in 2-14 cells, which expressed low levels of LGR5 and LGR6. RSPO2 enhanced the Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells. In addition, DKK1 suppressed nuclear translocation of β-catenin, activation of β-catenin, and increases of Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells, all of which were induced by RSPO2 treatment. Conclusion: RSPO2, which is expressed in PDL tissue and cells, might play an important role in regulating the osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-153
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Periodontal Research
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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Catenins
Periodontal Ligament
Wnt Signaling Pathway
Staining and Labeling
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Wnt1 Protein
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

@article{f7ff21dd8d0244d681c43ccf8658de65,
title = "R-spondin 2 promotes osteoblastic differentiation of immature human periodontal ligament cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway",
abstract = "Objective: In this study, we measured the expression of R-spondin 2 (RSPO2) in periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue and cells. Further, we examined the effects of RSPO2 on osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells (HPDLCs). Background: R-spondin (RSPO) family proteins are secreted glycoproteins that play important roles in embryonic development and tissue homeostasis through activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. RSPO2, a member of the RSPO family, has been reported to enhance osteogenesis in mice. However, little is known regarding the roles of RSPO2 in PDL tissues. Methods: Expression of RSPO2 in rat PDL tissue and primary HPDLCs was examined by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining, as well as by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The effects of stretch loading on the expression of RSPO2 and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of receptors for RSPOs, such as Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors (LGRs) 4, 5, and 6 in immature human PDL cells (cell line 2-14, or 2-14 cells), was investigated by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Mineralized nodule formation in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 under osteoblastic inductive condition was examined by Alizarin Red S and von Kossa stainings. Nuclear translocation of β-catenin and expression of active β-catenin in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 were assessed by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting analysis, respectively. In addition, the effect of Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was also examined. Results: Rat PDL tissue and HPDLCs expressed RSPO2, and HPDLCs also expressed RSPO2, while little was found in 2-14 cells. Expression of RSPO2 as well as DKK1 in HPDLCs was significantly upregulated by exposure to stretch loading. LGR4 was predominantly expressed in 2-14 cells, which expressed low levels of LGR5 and LGR6. RSPO2 enhanced the Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells. In addition, DKK1 suppressed nuclear translocation of β-catenin, activation of β-catenin, and increases of Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells, all of which were induced by RSPO2 treatment. Conclusion: RSPO2, which is expressed in PDL tissue and cells, might play an important role in regulating the osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.",
author = "Mai Arima and Daigaku Hasegawa and Shinichiro Yoshida and Hiromi Mitarai and Atsushi Tomokiyo and Sayuri Hamano and Hideki Sugii and Naohisa Wada and Hidefumi Maeda",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jre.12611",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "143--153",
journal = "Journal of Periodontal Research",
issn = "0022-3484",
publisher = "Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - R-spondin 2 promotes osteoblastic differentiation of immature human periodontal ligament cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway

AU - Arima, Mai

AU - Hasegawa, Daigaku

AU - Yoshida, Shinichiro

AU - Mitarai, Hiromi

AU - Tomokiyo, Atsushi

AU - Hamano, Sayuri

AU - Sugii, Hideki

AU - Wada, Naohisa

AU - Maeda, Hidefumi

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Objective: In this study, we measured the expression of R-spondin 2 (RSPO2) in periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue and cells. Further, we examined the effects of RSPO2 on osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells (HPDLCs). Background: R-spondin (RSPO) family proteins are secreted glycoproteins that play important roles in embryonic development and tissue homeostasis through activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. RSPO2, a member of the RSPO family, has been reported to enhance osteogenesis in mice. However, little is known regarding the roles of RSPO2 in PDL tissues. Methods: Expression of RSPO2 in rat PDL tissue and primary HPDLCs was examined by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining, as well as by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The effects of stretch loading on the expression of RSPO2 and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of receptors for RSPOs, such as Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors (LGRs) 4, 5, and 6 in immature human PDL cells (cell line 2-14, or 2-14 cells), was investigated by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Mineralized nodule formation in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 under osteoblastic inductive condition was examined by Alizarin Red S and von Kossa stainings. Nuclear translocation of β-catenin and expression of active β-catenin in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 were assessed by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting analysis, respectively. In addition, the effect of Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was also examined. Results: Rat PDL tissue and HPDLCs expressed RSPO2, and HPDLCs also expressed RSPO2, while little was found in 2-14 cells. Expression of RSPO2 as well as DKK1 in HPDLCs was significantly upregulated by exposure to stretch loading. LGR4 was predominantly expressed in 2-14 cells, which expressed low levels of LGR5 and LGR6. RSPO2 enhanced the Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells. In addition, DKK1 suppressed nuclear translocation of β-catenin, activation of β-catenin, and increases of Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells, all of which were induced by RSPO2 treatment. Conclusion: RSPO2, which is expressed in PDL tissue and cells, might play an important role in regulating the osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

AB - Objective: In this study, we measured the expression of R-spondin 2 (RSPO2) in periodontal ligament (PDL) tissue and cells. Further, we examined the effects of RSPO2 on osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells (HPDLCs). Background: R-spondin (RSPO) family proteins are secreted glycoproteins that play important roles in embryonic development and tissue homeostasis through activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. RSPO2, a member of the RSPO family, has been reported to enhance osteogenesis in mice. However, little is known regarding the roles of RSPO2 in PDL tissues. Methods: Expression of RSPO2 in rat PDL tissue and primary HPDLCs was examined by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining, as well as by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The effects of stretch loading on the expression of RSPO2 and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1) were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. Expression of receptors for RSPOs, such as Leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptors (LGRs) 4, 5, and 6 in immature human PDL cells (cell line 2-14, or 2-14 cells), was investigated by semiquantitative RT-PCR. Mineralized nodule formation in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 under osteoblastic inductive condition was examined by Alizarin Red S and von Kossa stainings. Nuclear translocation of β-catenin and expression of active β-catenin in 2-14 cells treated with RSPO2 were assessed by immunofluorescence staining and Western blotting analysis, respectively. In addition, the effect of Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1), an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, was also examined. Results: Rat PDL tissue and HPDLCs expressed RSPO2, and HPDLCs also expressed RSPO2, while little was found in 2-14 cells. Expression of RSPO2 as well as DKK1 in HPDLCs was significantly upregulated by exposure to stretch loading. LGR4 was predominantly expressed in 2-14 cells, which expressed low levels of LGR5 and LGR6. RSPO2 enhanced the Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells. In addition, DKK1 suppressed nuclear translocation of β-catenin, activation of β-catenin, and increases of Alizarin Red S and von Kossa-positive reactions in 2-14 cells, all of which were induced by RSPO2 treatment. Conclusion: RSPO2, which is expressed in PDL tissue and cells, might play an important role in regulating the osteoblastic differentiation of immature human PDL cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

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U2 - 10.1111/jre.12611

DO - 10.1111/jre.12611

M3 - Article

C2 - 30284717

AN - SCOPUS:85054511851

VL - 54

SP - 143

EP - 153

JO - Journal of Periodontal Research

JF - Journal of Periodontal Research

SN - 0022-3484

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