Radiation damage effects in cubic-stabilized zirconia irradiated with 72 MeV I+ ions

Kurt E. Sickafus, Hansjoachim Matzke, Kazuhiro Yasuda, Paul Chodak, Richard A. Verrall, Petru G. Lucuta, H. Robert Andrews, Andrzej Turos, Rainer Fromknecht, Neil P. Baker

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Abstract

Cubic-stabilized zirconia single crystals were irradiated using 72 MeV I+ ions in the TASSC accelerator facility at Chalk River Laboratory (to simulate a typical U or Pu fission fragment). Irradiations were performed over the fluence range 1 × 1018-5 × 1019 ions/m2, at temperatures of 300, 770, and 1170 K. Damage accumulation was monitored using Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy and ion-channeling (RBS/C) techniques. At ambient temperature and at the highest I+ fluence used in these experiments (5 × 1019 I+/m2), RBS/C measurements revealed a rather high degree of lattice disorder. Specifically, the dechanneling parameter χmin varied from 80% to greater than 90% over the depth probed by RBS/C (∼1 μm). Nano-indentation measurements on the same sample indicated decreases in elastic modulus, E, and hardness, H (both by about 9%). These results suggest that an alteration in structure beyond simple defect accumulation occurs under these irradiation conditions. However, transmission electronmicroscopy (TEM) observations and in particular microdiffraction measurements failed to reveal any structural transformations in the irradiated material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-365
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume141
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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