### Abstract

Recently, the radix-3 representation of integers is used for the efficient implementation of pairing based cryptosystems. In this paper, we propose non-adjacent form of radix-r representation (rNAF) and efficient algorithms for generating rNAF. The number of non-trivial digits is (r - 2)(r + 1)/2 and its average density of non-zero digit is asymptotically (r - 1)/(2r - 1). For r = 3, the non-trivial digits are (±2, ±4} and the nonzero density is 0.4. We then investigate the width-ω version of rNAF for the general radix-r representation, which is a natural extension of the width-ω NAF. Finally we compare the proposed algorithms with the generalized NAF (gNAF) discussed by Joye and Yen. The proposed scheme requires a larger table but its non-zero density is smaller even for large radix. We explain that gNAF is a simple degeneration of rNAF - we can consider that rNAF is a canonical form for the radix-r representation. Therefore, rNAF is a good alternative to gNAF.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 115-123 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences |

Volume | E89-A |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jan 2006 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Signal Processing
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Applied Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering

### Cite this

*IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences*,

*E89-A*(1), 115-123. https://doi.org/10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.1.115