In this paper, we propose a fully polynomial-time randomized approximation scheme (FPRAS) for a closed Jackson network. Our algorithm is based on the Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method. Thus our scheme returns an approximate solution, for which the size of the error satisfies a given bound. To our knowledge, this algorithm is the first polynomial time MCMC algorithm for closed Jackson networks with multiple servers. We propose two new ergodic Markov chains, both of which have a unique stationary distribution that is the product form solution for closed Jackson networks. One of them is for an approximate sampler, and we show that it mixes rapidly. The other is for a perfect sampler based on the monotone coupling from the past (CFTP) algorithm proposed by Propp and Wilson, and we show that it has a monotone update function.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Decision Sciences(all)
- Management Science and Operations Research