The Dermatologic Oncology Group of Japan Clinical Oncology Group has started a randomized phase III trial to confirm the superiority of adjuvant therapy with locoregional interferon beta in overall survival over surgery alone for patients with pathological stage II/III cutaneous melanoma (JCOG1309). Patients in the interferon beta arm receive intra- or subcutaneous injections of interferon beta directly into the surgical site at a flat dose of 3 million units once per day. Treatment is repeated for 10 consecutive days every 8 weeks for a total of 3 courses during the induction phase, then 1-day injection every 4 weeks for 2.5 years. A total of 240 patients will be accrued from 17 Japanese institutions within 6.5 years. Primary endpoint is overall survival. Secondary endpoints are relapse-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival, pattern of recurrence, and adverse events. This trial has been registered at the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry as UMIN000017494 [http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research