Aims/Introduction: We evaluated the efficacy of multifactorial intensive treatment (IT) on renal outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and advanced-stage diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Materials and Methods: The Diabetic Nephropathy Remission and Regression Team Trial in Japan (DNETT-Japan) is a multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial with a 5-year follow-up period. We randomly assigned 164 patients with advanced-stage diabetic kidney disease (urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥300 mg/g creatinine, serum creatinine level 1.2–2.5 mg/dL in men and 1.0–2.5 mg/dL in women) to receive either IT or conventional treatment. The primary composite outcome was end-stage kidney failure, doubling of serum creatinine or death from any cause, which was assessed in the intention-to-treat population. Results: The IT tended to reduce the risk of primary end-points as compared with conventional treatment, but the difference between treatment groups did not reach the statistically significant level (hazard ratio 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.43–1.11; P = 0.13). Meanwhile, the decrease in serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and the use of statin were significantly associated with the decrease in primary outcome (hazard ratio 1.14; 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.23, P < 0.001 and hazard ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval 0.28–0.998, P < 0.05, respectively). The incidence of adverse events was not different between treatment groups. Conclusions: The risk of kidney events tended to decrease by IT, although it was not statistically significant. Lipid control using statin was associated with a lower risk of adverse kidney events. Further follow-up study might show the effect of IT in patients with advanced diabetic kidney disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism