Rapid generation scheme in asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) breeding: Flowering response and pollen germination in the second cycle flower induction with carbamate treatment

Yukio Ozaki, Tomoko Tashiro, Hiroshi Okubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Flower induction treatment with a carbamate compound was studied for constructing the rapid generation scheme in asparagus breeding. Viable seeds were obtained by the crosses with carbamate-induced male flowers, and the hybridity and diploidy of the offspring were confirmed by isozyme and flow cytometric analyses. Flowering response and in vitro pollen germination of the plants of the second generation induced with the carbamate treatment were also investigated. Germination rates of the first and second generation seeds induced with carbamate treatments were a little different in 'Geynlim' and similar in 'Mary Washington 500W'. Percentage of flowered seedlings was, however, higher in the second cycle treatment than in the first one in both cultivars. Although great variation in pollen germination was found even with or without carbamate treatments in each population, there was no distinct difference in average percentage of pollen germination among the populations. These results suggest that flower induction with the carbamate compound can be applied to the rapid generation scheme in asparagus breeding, e.g., to produce homogenic cultivars including both sexes in a short term for genetic and systematical breeding purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume45
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000

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Asparagus Plant
Asparagus officinalis
asparagus spears
Carbamates
pollen germination
carbamates
Germination
Pollen
Breeding
flowering
flowers
breeding
Seeds
Therapeutics
male flowers
cultivars
seeds
Diploidy
Seedlings
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Rapid generation scheme in asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) breeding: Flowering response and pollen germination in the second cycle flower induction with carbamate treatment",
abstract = "Flower induction treatment with a carbamate compound was studied for constructing the rapid generation scheme in asparagus breeding. Viable seeds were obtained by the crosses with carbamate-induced male flowers, and the hybridity and diploidy of the offspring were confirmed by isozyme and flow cytometric analyses. Flowering response and in vitro pollen germination of the plants of the second generation induced with the carbamate treatment were also investigated. Germination rates of the first and second generation seeds induced with carbamate treatments were a little different in 'Geynlim' and similar in 'Mary Washington 500W'. Percentage of flowered seedlings was, however, higher in the second cycle treatment than in the first one in both cultivars. Although great variation in pollen germination was found even with or without carbamate treatments in each population, there was no distinct difference in average percentage of pollen germination among the populations. These results suggest that flower induction with the carbamate compound can be applied to the rapid generation scheme in asparagus breeding, e.g., to produce homogenic cultivars including both sexes in a short term for genetic and systematical breeding purposes.",
author = "Yukio Ozaki and Tomoko Tashiro and Hiroshi Okubo",
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AU - Okubo, Hiroshi

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