Articular cartilage (AC) covers the surface of bones in joints and functions as a cushion against mechanical loading. The tissue contains abundant extracellular matrix (ECM), which mainly consists of proteoglycans (PG) and collagen (COL) fibres. The property of AC is gradually changing by ageing with gravity loading. To know the property change of AC by initial gravity loading during short period after birth, we performed histological assays and proteomics assay on the AC of the femoral condyle in knee joints of perinatal rats. The water content (%) was significantly decreased in neonate AC compared with fetal AC. During the perinatal stages (E19 and P0), the localizations of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and type I and II COLs were homogeneous. The density of chondrocytes was significantly decreased in the deeper layers comparing with the surface layer in neonate AC. In addition, we found a drastic change in the protein expression pattern on proteomic analysis. The expressions of ECM components were relatively increased in neonate AC compared with fetal AC.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C: Anatomia Histologia Embryologia|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 2016|
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