Rational Concept for Reducing Growth Temperature in Vapor-Liquid-Solid Process of Metal Oxide Nanowires

Zetao Zhu, Masaru Suzuki, Kazuki Nagashima, Hideto Yoshida, Masaki Kanai, Gang Meng, Hiroshi Anzai, Fuwei Zhuge, Yong He, Mickaël Boudot, Seiji Takeda, Takeshi Yanagida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth process of single crystalline metal oxide nanowires has proven the excellent ability to tailor the nanostructures. However, the VLS process of metal oxides in general requires relatively high growth temperatures, which essentially limits the application range. Here we propose a rational concept to reduce the growth temperature in VLS growth process of various metal oxide nanowires. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation theoretically predicts that it is possible to reduce the growth temperature in VLS process of metal oxide nanowires by precisely controlling the vapor flux. This concept is based on the temperature dependent "material flux window" that the appropriate vapor flux for VLS process of nanowire growth decreases with decreasing the growth temperature. Experimentally, we found the applicability of this concept for reducing the growth temperature of VLS processes for various metal oxides including MgO, SnO2, and ZnO. In addition, we show the successful applications of this concept to VLS nanowire growths of metal oxides onto tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) glass and polyimide (PI) substrates, which require relatively low growth temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7495-7502
Number of pages8
JournalNano Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 14 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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