Recent studies suggest a crucial role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) for the signaling of angiotensin (Ang) II through Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1-R). However, the role of ROS in the regulation of AT1-R expression has not been explored. In this study, we examined the effect of an antioxidant on the homologous downregulation of AT1-R by Ang Il. Ang II (10-6 mol/L) decreased AT1-R mRNA with a peak suppression at 6 hours of stimulation in rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells. Preincubation of vascular smooth muscle cells with N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a potent antioxidant, almost completely inhibited the Ang II-induced downregulation of AT1-R mRNA. The effect of NAC was due to stabilization of the AT1-R mRNA that was destabilized by Ang II. The Ang II-induced AT1-R mRNA downregulation was also blocked by PD98059, an extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) kinase inhibitor. Ang II-induced ERK activation was inhibited by NAC as well as by PD98059. Exogenous H2O2 also suppressed AT1-R mRNA. These results suggest that the production of ROS and the activation of ERK are critical for the downregulation of AT1-R mRNA. The generation of ROS through stimulation of AT1-R not only mediates signaling of Ang II but also may play a crucial role in the adaptation process of AT1-R to the sustained stimulation of Ang II.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine