Reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide, and their interactions play different roles in Cupressus lusitanica cell death and phytoalexin biosynthesis

Jian Zhao, Koki Fujita, Kokki Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)


• β-Thujaplicin is a natural troponoid with strong antifungal, antiviral, and anticancer activities. β-Thujaplicin production in yeast elicitor-treated Cupressus lusitanica cell culture and its relationships with reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) production and hypersensitive cell death were investigated. • Superoxide anion radical (O2•-) induced cell death and inhibited β-thujaplicin accumulation, whereas hydrogen peroxide (H2O 2) induced β-thujaplicin accumulation but did not significantly affect cell death. Both elicitor and O2•- induced programmed cell death, which can be blocked by protease inhibitors, protein kinase inhibitors, and Ca2+ chelators. • Elicitor-induced NO generation was nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent. Inhibition of NO generation by NOS inhibitors and NO scavenger partly blocked the elicitor-induced β-thujaplicin accumulation and cell death, and NO donors strongly induced cell death. • Interaction among NO, H2O 2, and O2•- shows that NO production and H2O2 production are interdependent, but NO and O 2•- accumulation were negatively related because of coconsumption of NO and O2•-. NO- and O 2•--induced cell death required each other, and both were required for elicitor-induced cell death. A direct interaction between NO and O2•- was implicated in the production of a potent oxidant peroxynitrite, which might mediate the elicitor-induced cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-229
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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