Background: Rivaroxaban is a direct oral anticoagulant administered to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The Xarelto Post-Authorization Safety and Effectiveness Study in Japanese Patients with Atrial Fibrillation (XAPASS) was a prospective, observational, post-marketing surveillance study that examined the safety and effectiveness of rivaroxaban in routine clinical practice. This sub-analysis of the XAPASS investigated the outcomes of patients with worsening renal function (WRF). Methods: The XAPASS included 11,308 patients with NVAF who began treatment with rivaroxaban. Of 9578 patients who completed 1-year follow-up, the 7509 patients, for whom the change in creatinine clearance could be assessed, were included in the present analysis. Patients with WRF were those with a decrease in creatinine clearance of ≥20% from enrollment to any time point; patients with stable renal function (SRF) were those without such a decrease. Outcomes in patients with WRF versus SRF were compared at 1 year. Results: We identified 1229 patients with WRF and 6280 patients with SRF. Patients with WRF were older and had higher mean CHADS2 and modified HAS-BLED scores compared to patients with SRF. The incidence rates of any bleeding (hazard ratio: 1.12; 95% confidence interval: 0.88–1.41), major bleeding (1.20; 0.75–1.90), and the composite endpoint stroke/systemic embolism/myocardial infarction (1.06; 0.65–1.71) were similar between the two groups. Conclusions: No association between WRF and occurrence of any bleeding, major bleeding, and stroke/systemic embolism/myocardial infarction was observed in patients with AF on rivaroxaban treatment during 1-year follow-up in real-world clinical practice. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01582737.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine