The importance of the basal ganglia in controlling motor function is well known. However, neuroimaging studies have failed to show either movement-rate dependence or different activation patterns caused by self-initiated (SI) and externally triggered (ET) movements in the basal ganglia - thalamo-motor loop. We herein report the functional magnetic resonance image (fMRI) mapping of sequential left-hand finger movements at five different rates under SI and ET conditions. Significant movement-rate dependence was found in the whole right basal ganglia - thalamo-motor loop only during the SI task. Network analysis also showed strong interactions within this loop during SI movement, whereas interactions were present only from the premotor cortex to the putamen via the sensorimotor cortex during the ET task. Furthermore, psychophysiological interaction analysis confirmed the different modulation between the two tasks in the putamen. fMRI provides evidence that the basal ganglia - thalamo-motor loop plays a key role in controlling the rate of sequential finger movements in SI movement but not in ET movement.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 15 2003|
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