Recent Clay-Based Photocatalysts for Wastewater Treatment

Chitiphon Chuaicham, Jirawat Trakulmututa, Kaiqian Shu, Sulakshana Shenoy, Assadawoot Srikhaow, Li Zhang, Sathya Mohan, Karthikeyan Sekar, Keiko Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Photocatalysis is a remarkable methodology that is popular and applied in different interdisciplinary research areas such as the degradation of hazardous organic contaminants in wastewater. In recent years, clay-based photocatalyst composites have attracted significant attention in the field of photocatalysis owing to their abundance, excellent light response ability, and stability. This review describes the combination of clay with focusing photocatalysts such as TiO2, g-C3N4, and Bi-based compounds for degrading organic pollutants in wastewater. Clay-based composites have more active surface sites, resulting in inhibited photocatalyst particle agglomeration. Moreover, clay enhances the creation of active radicals for organic pollutant degradation by separating photogenerated electrons and holes. Thus, the functions of clay in clay-based photocatalysts are not only to act as a template to inhibit the agglomeration of the main photocatalysts but also to suppress charge recombination, which may lengthen the electron–hole pair’s lifespan and boost degrading activity. Moreover, several types of clay-based photocatalysts, such as the clay type and main photocatalyst, were compared to understand the function of clay and the interaction of clay with the main photocatalyst. Thus, this study summarizes the recent clay-based photocatalysts for wastewater remediation and concludes that clay-based photocatalysts have considerable potential for low-cost, solar-powered environmental treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number77
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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