Cellular DNA continuously suffers various types of damage, and unrepaired damage increases disease progression risk. 8-Oxo-2′-deoxyguanine (8-oxo-dG) is excised by repair enzymes, and their analogues are of interest as inhibitors and as bioprobes for study of these enzymes. We have developed 8-halogenated-7-deaza-2′-deoxyguanosine derivatives that resemble 8-oxo-dG in that they adopt the syn conformation. In this study, we investigated their effects on Fpg (formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase) and hOGG1 (human 8-oxoguanine DNA N-glycosylase 1). Relative to 8-oxo-dG, Cl- and Br-deaza-dG were good substrates for Fpg, whereas they were less efficient substrates for hOGG1. Kinetics and binding experiments indicated that, although hOGG1 effectively binds Cl- and Br-deaza-dG analogues with low Km values, their lower kcat values result in low glycosylase activities. The benefits of the high binding affinities and low reactivities of 8-oxo-dG analogues with hOGG1 have been successfully applied to the competitive inhibition of the excision of 8-oxoguanine from duplex DNA by hOGG1. The damage has been done: The binding affinities of 8-halogenated-7-deaza-dG derivatives for 8-oxo-dG repair enzymes and their effects on those enzymes' DNA repair properties were evaluated. In particular, Cl- and Br-deaza-dG were excised by Fpg, whereas they were less efficient substrates for hOGG1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry