The riboswitch is a class of RNA-based gene regulatory machinery that is dependent on recognition of its target ligand by RNA tertiary structures. Ligand recognition is achieved by the aptamer domain, and ligand-dependent structural changes of the expression platform then usually mediate termination of transcription or translational initiation. Ligand-dependent structural changes of the aptamer domain and expression platform have been reported for several riboswitches with short (<40 nucleotides) expression platforms. In this study, we characterized structural changes of the Vc2 c-di-GMP riboswitch that represses translation of downstream open reading frames in a ligand-dependent manner. The Vc2 riboswitch has a long (97 nucleotides) expression platform, but its structure and function are largely unknown. Through mutational analysis and chemical probing, we identified its secondary structures that are possibly responsible for switch-OFF and switch-ON states of translational initiation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology