### Abstract

For an integer k≥ 0, suppose that each vertex v of a graph G has a set C(v)⊆{0,1,. . .,k} of labels, called a list of v. A list L(2, 1)-labeling of G is an assignment of a label in C(v) to each vertex v of G such that every two adjacent vertices receive labels which differ by at least 2 and every two vertices of distance two receive labels which differ by at least 1. In this paper, we study the problem of reconfiguring one list L(2, 1)-labeling of a graph into another list L(2, 1)-labeling of the same graph by changing only one label assignment at a time, while at all times maintaining a list L(2, 1)-labeling. First we show that this decision problem is PSPACE-complete, even for bipartite planar graphs and k≥. 6. In contrast, we then show that the problem can be solved in linear time for general graphs if k≤. 4. We finally consider the problem restricted to trees, and give a sufficient condition for which any two list L(2, 1)-labelings of a tree can be transformed into each other.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 84-97 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Theoretical Computer Science |

Volume | 544 |

Issue number | C |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jan 1 2014 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Computer Science(all)

### Cite this

*Theoretical Computer Science*,

*544*(C), 84-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2014.04.011

**Reconfiguration of list L(2, 1)-labelings in a graph.** / Ito, Takehiro; Kawamura, Kazuto; Ono, Hirotaka; Zhou, Xiao.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Theoretical Computer Science*, vol. 544, no. C, pp. 84-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcs.2014.04.011

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconfiguration of list L(2, 1)-labelings in a graph

AU - Ito, Takehiro

AU - Kawamura, Kazuto

AU - Ono, Hirotaka

AU - Zhou, Xiao

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - For an integer k≥ 0, suppose that each vertex v of a graph G has a set C(v)⊆{0,1,. . .,k} of labels, called a list of v. A list L(2, 1)-labeling of G is an assignment of a label in C(v) to each vertex v of G such that every two adjacent vertices receive labels which differ by at least 2 and every two vertices of distance two receive labels which differ by at least 1. In this paper, we study the problem of reconfiguring one list L(2, 1)-labeling of a graph into another list L(2, 1)-labeling of the same graph by changing only one label assignment at a time, while at all times maintaining a list L(2, 1)-labeling. First we show that this decision problem is PSPACE-complete, even for bipartite planar graphs and k≥. 6. In contrast, we then show that the problem can be solved in linear time for general graphs if k≤. 4. We finally consider the problem restricted to trees, and give a sufficient condition for which any two list L(2, 1)-labelings of a tree can be transformed into each other.

AB - For an integer k≥ 0, suppose that each vertex v of a graph G has a set C(v)⊆{0,1,. . .,k} of labels, called a list of v. A list L(2, 1)-labeling of G is an assignment of a label in C(v) to each vertex v of G such that every two adjacent vertices receive labels which differ by at least 2 and every two vertices of distance two receive labels which differ by at least 1. In this paper, we study the problem of reconfiguring one list L(2, 1)-labeling of a graph into another list L(2, 1)-labeling of the same graph by changing only one label assignment at a time, while at all times maintaining a list L(2, 1)-labeling. First we show that this decision problem is PSPACE-complete, even for bipartite planar graphs and k≥. 6. In contrast, we then show that the problem can be solved in linear time for general graphs if k≤. 4. We finally consider the problem restricted to trees, and give a sufficient condition for which any two list L(2, 1)-labelings of a tree can be transformed into each other.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921396446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921396446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tcs.2014.04.011

DO - 10.1016/j.tcs.2014.04.011

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84921396446

VL - 544

SP - 84

EP - 97

JO - Theoretical Computer Science

JF - Theoretical Computer Science

SN - 0304-3975

IS - C

ER -