Recovery of cobalt from a multi-component sulphate solution containing Zn (II), Cu (II) and Ni (II) ions by using the emulsion membrane technique

Henry Kasaini, Masahiro Goto, Shintaro Furusaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three-stage batch extraction tests were performed on a multi-component sulphate solution containing equal amounts (1mol/m3) of Co (II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Cu (II) ions by using the Emulsion Liquid Membrane (ELM) technique. The mobile carrier 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexylester and polyamine surfactant were employed. Total contact time between emulsion and feed solution varied in the range 1.5 - 6 minutes for the extraction stages. The overall separation factors achieved in ELMs were: β Zn/Co =9, β Cu/Co = 1.9, and β Co/Ni = 42. These results are superior to the overall separation factors obtained from the corresponding multicomponent liquid-liquid extraction system. We found that the permeation rates of Co, Ni and Cu were interfacially controlled while Zn permeation was diffusion controlled. Further, we succeeded in demulsifying the emulsion membranes containing polyamine surfactant within 4 minutes by using an electric coalescer at 10 kilovolts and recovered the interior electrolyte at each stage. We have demonstrated that multistage separation of these metal ions from a multicomponent sulphate solution is practicable using recycled organic solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-95
Number of pages13
JournalSolvent Extraction Research and Development
Volume1998
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998

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Cobalt
Emulsions
Sulfates
Ions
Membranes
Recovery
Polyamines
Surface-Active Agents
Permeation
Surface active agents
Liquid membranes
Liquids
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Electrolytes
Metal ions
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Three-stage batch extraction tests were performed on a multi-component sulphate solution containing equal amounts (1mol/m3) of Co (II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Cu (II) ions by using the Emulsion Liquid Membrane (ELM) technique. The mobile carrier 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexylester and polyamine surfactant were employed. Total contact time between emulsion and feed solution varied in the range 1.5 - 6 minutes for the extraction stages. The overall separation factors achieved in ELMs were: β Zn/Co =9, β Cu/Co = 1.9, and β Co/Ni = 42. These results are superior to the overall separation factors obtained from the corresponding multicomponent liquid-liquid extraction system. We found that the permeation rates of Co, Ni and Cu were interfacially controlled while Zn permeation was diffusion controlled. Further, we succeeded in demulsifying the emulsion membranes containing polyamine surfactant within 4 minutes by using an electric coalescer at 10 kilovolts and recovered the interior electrolyte at each stage. We have demonstrated that multistage separation of these metal ions from a multicomponent sulphate solution is practicable using recycled organic solution.",
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T1 - Recovery of cobalt from a multi-component sulphate solution containing Zn (II), Cu (II) and Ni (II) ions by using the emulsion membrane technique

AU - Kasaini, Henry

AU - Goto, Masahiro

AU - Furusaki, Shintaro

PY - 1998/12/1

Y1 - 1998/12/1

N2 - Three-stage batch extraction tests were performed on a multi-component sulphate solution containing equal amounts (1mol/m3) of Co (II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Cu (II) ions by using the Emulsion Liquid Membrane (ELM) technique. The mobile carrier 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexylester and polyamine surfactant were employed. Total contact time between emulsion and feed solution varied in the range 1.5 - 6 minutes for the extraction stages. The overall separation factors achieved in ELMs were: β Zn/Co =9, β Cu/Co = 1.9, and β Co/Ni = 42. These results are superior to the overall separation factors obtained from the corresponding multicomponent liquid-liquid extraction system. We found that the permeation rates of Co, Ni and Cu were interfacially controlled while Zn permeation was diffusion controlled. Further, we succeeded in demulsifying the emulsion membranes containing polyamine surfactant within 4 minutes by using an electric coalescer at 10 kilovolts and recovered the interior electrolyte at each stage. We have demonstrated that multistage separation of these metal ions from a multicomponent sulphate solution is practicable using recycled organic solution.

AB - Three-stage batch extraction tests were performed on a multi-component sulphate solution containing equal amounts (1mol/m3) of Co (II), Ni (II), Zn (II), Cu (II) ions by using the Emulsion Liquid Membrane (ELM) technique. The mobile carrier 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexylester and polyamine surfactant were employed. Total contact time between emulsion and feed solution varied in the range 1.5 - 6 minutes for the extraction stages. The overall separation factors achieved in ELMs were: β Zn/Co =9, β Cu/Co = 1.9, and β Co/Ni = 42. These results are superior to the overall separation factors obtained from the corresponding multicomponent liquid-liquid extraction system. We found that the permeation rates of Co, Ni and Cu were interfacially controlled while Zn permeation was diffusion controlled. Further, we succeeded in demulsifying the emulsion membranes containing polyamine surfactant within 4 minutes by using an electric coalescer at 10 kilovolts and recovered the interior electrolyte at each stage. We have demonstrated that multistage separation of these metal ions from a multicomponent sulphate solution is practicable using recycled organic solution.

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