Recovery of useful chemicals from paper sludge-derived tar by catalytic partial oxidation over zirconia-supporting iron oxide catalysts in steam atmosphere

Baochua Liu, Teruoki Tago, Eri Fumoto, Hayashi Jun-Ichiro, Takao Masuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To develop a method for converting paper sludge-derived tar to useful petroleum-related chemicals, the catalytic cracking of the tar over zirconia-supporting iron oxide catalysts (ZrO2/FeOx catalyst) in a steam atmosphere was examined. Useful aromatics such as toluene, ethylbenzene, and styrene are included in the tar at compositions of approximately 63% with the remaining 37% being unknown components. By applying the ZrO2/FeOx catalyst, the unknown components were effectively decomposed without decomposing the useful chemicals existing in the tar, and the concentrations of unknown components were decreased from 37 to 11%. Moreover, acetone and phenol were newly produced. The lattice oxygen of the FeOx was the active site for the catalytic decomposition of the unknown components in the tar, and the ZrO2 on FeOx had activity for decomposing H2O molecules, thereby yielding active oxygen species. The oxygen active species spilled over on the FeOx surface to regenerate the oxygen defects formed during the reaction. Accordingly, the catalytic activity and stability were due to the consumption and regeneration of the lattice oxygen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chemical Engineering of Japan
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tars
Tar
Steam
Iron oxides
Zirconia
Recovery
Oxidation
Catalysts
Oxygen
Reactive Oxygen Species
Catalytic cracking
Styrene
Ethylbenzene
Petroleum
Toluene
Acetone
Phenol
Phenols
Catalyst activity
Crude oil

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Recovery of useful chemicals from paper sludge-derived tar by catalytic partial oxidation over zirconia-supporting iron oxide catalysts in steam atmosphere. / Liu, Baochua; Tago, Teruoki; Fumoto, Eri; Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi; Masuda, Takao.

In: Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, Vol. 41, No. 5, 30.06.2008, p. 369-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi

AU - Masuda, Takao

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AB - To develop a method for converting paper sludge-derived tar to useful petroleum-related chemicals, the catalytic cracking of the tar over zirconia-supporting iron oxide catalysts (ZrO2/FeOx catalyst) in a steam atmosphere was examined. Useful aromatics such as toluene, ethylbenzene, and styrene are included in the tar at compositions of approximately 63% with the remaining 37% being unknown components. By applying the ZrO2/FeOx catalyst, the unknown components were effectively decomposed without decomposing the useful chemicals existing in the tar, and the concentrations of unknown components were decreased from 37 to 11%. Moreover, acetone and phenol were newly produced. The lattice oxygen of the FeOx was the active site for the catalytic decomposition of the unknown components in the tar, and the ZrO2 on FeOx had activity for decomposing H2O molecules, thereby yielding active oxygen species. The oxygen active species spilled over on the FeOx surface to regenerate the oxygen defects formed during the reaction. Accordingly, the catalytic activity and stability were due to the consumption and regeneration of the lattice oxygen.

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