Recrystallization of Lath martensite with bulge nucleation and growth mechanism

Toshihiro Tsuchiyma, Y. Miyamoto, Setsuo Takaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recrystallization behavior of lath martensite during tempering was investigated in high-chromium martensitic steels by means of hardness testing, optical and transmission electron microscopy. The role of carbide particles on the recrystallization was also discussed in terms of the grain boundary pinning effect. The hardness of tempered specimens was plotted as a function of the tempering parameter, T(logt+20), for a low-carbon steel (Fe-9Cr-0.1 C mass%) and an ultra-low carbon steel (Fe-9Cr-1Ni-0.006C mass%). The low-carbon steel exhibited gradual softening with recovery but did not undergo recrystallization. However, the ultra-low carbon steel suffered abrupt softening owing to the discontinuous recrystallization of lath martensite. Microstructural observations in the ultra-low carbon steel indicated that the recrystallization of lath martensite occurs with the 'bulge nucleation and growth (BNG) mechanism'. The possibility of recrystallization via this mechanism depends upon both the spacing of carbide particles on grain boundaries and the dislocation density of martensite. An energetic analysis on the formation of a recrystallized grain revealed the critical carbide spacing minimum required for the occurrence of recrystallization as a function of dislocation density. In the case of the low-carbon steel, carbide precipitates on grain boundaries with spacing smaller than the critical value, thus suppressing recrystallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1047-1052
Number of pages6
Journalisij international
Volume41
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

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Low carbon steel
Martensite
Nucleation
Carbides
Grain boundaries
Tempering
Hardness testing
Martensitic steel
Chromium
Dislocations (crystals)
Precipitates
Hardness
Transmission electron microscopy
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Recrystallization of Lath martensite with bulge nucleation and growth mechanism. / Tsuchiyma, Toshihiro; Miyamoto, Y.; Takaki, Setsuo.

In: isij international, Vol. 41, No. 9, 01.01.2001, p. 1047-1052.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuchiyma, Toshihiro ; Miyamoto, Y. ; Takaki, Setsuo. / Recrystallization of Lath martensite with bulge nucleation and growth mechanism. In: isij international. 2001 ; Vol. 41, No. 9. pp. 1047-1052.
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