Recurrent pneumothorax associated with bronchial atresia: report of a case

Kazuhisa Tanaka, Hidemi Suzuki, Takahiro Nakajima, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Takekazu Iwata, Teruaki Mizobuchi, Shigetoshi Yoshida, Ichiro Yoshino

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Abstract

We herein report a case of recurrent pneumothorax associated with congenital bronchial atresia. A 26-year-old male presented with chest pain. Chest roentgenograms showed left pneumothorax, a left apical bulla and an area of hyperlucency in the left upper lung field, and chest computed tomography revealed a discontinuation of the left superior bronchus. Additionally, both ventilation and perfusion scintigraphy showed a defect in the left superior segment. A thoracoscopy-assisted left superior segmentectomy was performed, and a pathological examination indicated left superior segmental bronchial atresia, which might have predisposed the peripheral lung to emphysematous conditions. No relapse was observed 6 months after the operation. Although this entity is rare, congenital bronchial atresia should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a patient has suffered from a recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1326-1329
Number of pages4
JournalSurgery today
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2015
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Tanaka, K., Suzuki, H., Nakajima, T., Tagawa, T., Iwata, T., Mizobuchi, T., ... Yoshino, I. (2015). Recurrent pneumothorax associated with bronchial atresia: report of a case. Surgery today, 45(10), 1326-1329. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00595-014-1016-z