Redesigning portable health clinic platform as a remote healthcare system to tackle COVID-19 pandemic situation in unreached communities

Masuda Begum Sampa, Md Rakibul Hoque, Rafiqul Islam, Mariko Nishikitani, Naoki Nakashima, Fumihiko Yokota, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Md Moshiur Rahman, Faiz Shah, Ashir Ahmed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Medical staff carry an inordinate risk of infection from patients, and many doctors, nurses, and other healthcare workers are affected by COVID-19 worldwide. The unreached communities with noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as chronic cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, digestive, or renal diseases became more vulnerable during this pandemic situation. In both cases, Remote Healthcare Systems (RHS) may help minimize the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. This study used the WHO guidelines and Design Science Research (DSR) framework to redesign the Portable Health Clinic (PHC), an RHS, for the containment of the spread of COVID-19 as well as proposed corona logic (C-Logic) for the main symptoms of COVID-19. Using the distributed service platform of PHC, a trained healthcare worker with appropriate testing kits can screen high-risk individuals and can help optimize triage to medical services. PHC with its new triage algorithm (C-Logic) classifies the patients according to whether the patient needs to move to a clinic for a PCR test. Through modified PHC service, we can help people to boost their knowledge, attitude (feelings/beliefs), and self-efficacy to execute preventing measures. Our initial examination of the suitability of the PHC and its associated technologies as a key contributor to public health responses is designed to “flatten the curve”, particularly among unreached high-risk NCD populations in developing countries. Theoretically, this study contributes to design science research by introducing a modified healthcare providing model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4709
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume17
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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