Redox cycling induced Ni exsolution in Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 - (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes

X. Shen, T. Chen, S. R. Bishop, N. H. Perry, H. L. Tuller, Kazunari Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxide anodes composed of 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 (GDCN)- 40 wt% (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 (SLTN) composites were prepared and tested on (ZrO2)0.89(Sc2O3)0.1(CeO2)0.01 (SSZ) electrolyte-supported SOFC cells utilizing a (La0.75Sr0.25)0.98MnO3 (LSM)-SSZ cathode, in 3%-humidified hydrogen fuel at 800 °C. Improved electrochemical performance was found compared to the cell using Ni-free 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.9O2 (GDC) - 40 wt % Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 (SLT) that was attributed to the exsolution of nano-sized Ni particles from the Ni-doped system. This exsolution process represents a simpler, more attractive method to improve performance than the more conventional but more complicated infiltration method for introducing catalytic nanoparticles. Redox cycling testing was performed to investigate the performance and structural stability of the Ni-doped GDC-SLT anode. The results indicated that the Ni exsolution and aggregation occurred while redox cycling proceeded, resulting in a gradually reduced anodic overvoltage. Symmetric cells with dense thin film Gd0.1Ce0.9-xNixO2 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) electrodes were also tested, demonstrating lower area-specific resistances with increasing Ni content on the surface under reducing conditions. The steady improvement during redox cycling, despite Ni agglomeration, is related to the continuous increase in the overall Ni content on the anode surface, which may be enabled by kinetic limitations to Ni re-dissolving under oxidizing transients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

cell anodes
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Anodes
anodes
cycles
composite materials
Composite materials
Agglomeration
cells
hydrogen fuels
overvoltage
Hydrogen fuels
structural stability
infiltration
agglomeration
Infiltration
Oxides
Electrolytes
dissolving

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Redox cycling induced Ni exsolution in Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 - (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes. / Shen, X.; Chen, T.; Bishop, S. R.; Perry, N. H.; Tuller, H. L.; Sasaki, Kazunari.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 370, 01.12.2017, p. 122-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dfad0ceac19647089256bccb079e179d,
title = "Redox cycling induced Ni exsolution in Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 - (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes",
abstract = "Oxide anodes composed of 60 wt{\%} Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 (GDCN)- 40 wt{\%} (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 (SLTN) composites were prepared and tested on (ZrO2)0.89(Sc2O3)0.1(CeO2)0.01 (SSZ) electrolyte-supported SOFC cells utilizing a (La0.75Sr0.25)0.98MnO3 (LSM)-SSZ cathode, in 3{\%}-humidified hydrogen fuel at 800 °C. Improved electrochemical performance was found compared to the cell using Ni-free 60 wt{\%} Gd0.1Ce0.9O2 (GDC) - 40 wt {\%} Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 (SLT) that was attributed to the exsolution of nano-sized Ni particles from the Ni-doped system. This exsolution process represents a simpler, more attractive method to improve performance than the more conventional but more complicated infiltration method for introducing catalytic nanoparticles. Redox cycling testing was performed to investigate the performance and structural stability of the Ni-doped GDC-SLT anode. The results indicated that the Ni exsolution and aggregation occurred while redox cycling proceeded, resulting in a gradually reduced anodic overvoltage. Symmetric cells with dense thin film Gd0.1Ce0.9-xNixO2 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) electrodes were also tested, demonstrating lower area-specific resistances with increasing Ni content on the surface under reducing conditions. The steady improvement during redox cycling, despite Ni agglomeration, is related to the continuous increase in the overall Ni content on the anode surface, which may be enabled by kinetic limitations to Ni re-dissolving under oxidizing transients.",
author = "X. Shen and T. Chen and Bishop, {S. R.} and Perry, {N. H.} and Tuller, {H. L.} and Kazunari Sasaki",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.10.009",
language = "English",
volume = "370",
pages = "122--130",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
issn = "0378-7753",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Redox cycling induced Ni exsolution in Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 - (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 composite solid oxide fuel cell anodes

AU - Shen, X.

AU - Chen, T.

AU - Bishop, S. R.

AU - Perry, N. H.

AU - Tuller, H. L.

AU - Sasaki, Kazunari

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Oxide anodes composed of 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 (GDCN)- 40 wt% (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 (SLTN) composites were prepared and tested on (ZrO2)0.89(Sc2O3)0.1(CeO2)0.01 (SSZ) electrolyte-supported SOFC cells utilizing a (La0.75Sr0.25)0.98MnO3 (LSM)-SSZ cathode, in 3%-humidified hydrogen fuel at 800 °C. Improved electrochemical performance was found compared to the cell using Ni-free 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.9O2 (GDC) - 40 wt % Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 (SLT) that was attributed to the exsolution of nano-sized Ni particles from the Ni-doped system. This exsolution process represents a simpler, more attractive method to improve performance than the more conventional but more complicated infiltration method for introducing catalytic nanoparticles. Redox cycling testing was performed to investigate the performance and structural stability of the Ni-doped GDC-SLT anode. The results indicated that the Ni exsolution and aggregation occurred while redox cycling proceeded, resulting in a gradually reduced anodic overvoltage. Symmetric cells with dense thin film Gd0.1Ce0.9-xNixO2 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) electrodes were also tested, demonstrating lower area-specific resistances with increasing Ni content on the surface under reducing conditions. The steady improvement during redox cycling, despite Ni agglomeration, is related to the continuous increase in the overall Ni content on the anode surface, which may be enabled by kinetic limitations to Ni re-dissolving under oxidizing transients.

AB - Oxide anodes composed of 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.8Ni0.1O2 (GDCN)- 40 wt% (Sr0.9La0.1)0.9Ti0.9Ni0.1O3 (SLTN) composites were prepared and tested on (ZrO2)0.89(Sc2O3)0.1(CeO2)0.01 (SSZ) electrolyte-supported SOFC cells utilizing a (La0.75Sr0.25)0.98MnO3 (LSM)-SSZ cathode, in 3%-humidified hydrogen fuel at 800 °C. Improved electrochemical performance was found compared to the cell using Ni-free 60 wt% Gd0.1Ce0.9O2 (GDC) - 40 wt % Sr0.9La0.1TiO3 (SLT) that was attributed to the exsolution of nano-sized Ni particles from the Ni-doped system. This exsolution process represents a simpler, more attractive method to improve performance than the more conventional but more complicated infiltration method for introducing catalytic nanoparticles. Redox cycling testing was performed to investigate the performance and structural stability of the Ni-doped GDC-SLT anode. The results indicated that the Ni exsolution and aggregation occurred while redox cycling proceeded, resulting in a gradually reduced anodic overvoltage. Symmetric cells with dense thin film Gd0.1Ce0.9-xNixO2 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15) electrodes were also tested, demonstrating lower area-specific resistances with increasing Ni content on the surface under reducing conditions. The steady improvement during redox cycling, despite Ni agglomeration, is related to the continuous increase in the overall Ni content on the anode surface, which may be enabled by kinetic limitations to Ni re-dissolving under oxidizing transients.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042661757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042661757&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.10.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.10.009

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042661757

VL - 370

SP - 122

EP - 130

JO - Journal of Power Sources

JF - Journal of Power Sources

SN - 0378-7753

ER -