INTRODUCTION: We introduced a reduced-port procedure for laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy without diverting ileostomy for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis and ulcerative colitis.
MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: A multichannel port was inserted through a 2.5-cm umbilical incision. A 12-mm port in the right lower abdomen and a 3- or 5-mm port were also employed. A proctocolectomy was performed intracorporeally, and the entire colon and rectum were delivered through the umbilical incision. An ileal J-pouch was made extracorporeally following division of the mesenteric vessels. Ileal j-pouch-anal anastomosis was performed intracorporeally or transanally after rectal mucosectomy. A drain was inserted through the 12-mm port incision, and a transanal decompression tube was placed in the pouch. Two women and one man underwent this surgery, and their postoperative recovery was uneventful.
DISCUSSION: Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy without a diverting stoma by a reduced-port technique is feasible and provides excellent cosmetic outcomes in selected patients.
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