High levels of serum phosphate are associated with calcification of human smooth muscle cells (HSMCs). We investigated whether inhibition of protein kinase A (PKA) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signals [p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)] can reduce inorganic phosphate (Pi)-induced HSMC calcification. Inhibition of PKA or p38 MAPK by inhibitors or small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) reduced Ca levels and alkaline phosphatase activities in HSMCs treated with high Pi, but inhibition of ERK1/2 and JNK showed no significant changes. Moreover, there were no significant changes in cell viability on adding siRNAs and three inhibitors (PKA, p38, and MEK1/2), but JNK inhibitor slightly reduced cell viability. These results show that PKA and p38 MAPK are involved in the Pi-induced calcification of HSMCs, and may be good targets for reducing vascular calcification.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine