Background. The deleterious effect of rewarming in orthotopic liver transplantation is recognized. This study examined the significance of rewarming the hepatic allograft, and the possibility of using a heat insulator to reduce rewarming injury. Methods. After total hepatectomy in rats with in situ perfusion by chilled (4°C) lactated Ringer's solution, the livers were divided into four groups of ten each: group 1, 4-h preservation in chilled Ringer's solution and 15 min of rewarming; group 2, 6-h preservation in chilled Ringer's solution; group 3, 6-h preservation in chilled Ringer's solution and 15 min of rewarming; group 4, 6-h preservation in chilled Ringer's solution and 15 min of rewarming with a heat insulator. Glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and N-acetyl-β-glucosaminidase (NAG) concentrations in the final graft effluent, and the amount of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) in liver tissue after preservation, were measured. Results. GPT and NAG concentrations in the final graft effluent of group 3 were higher than those of group 2 (P < 0.01), whereas values in group 4 were lower than those of group 3 (P < 0.05). The final ATP concentration in group 3 was significantly lower than that in group 2 (P < 0.01), whereas the value in group 4 was significantly higher than that of group 3 (P < 0.01). Conclusion. Rewarming diminishes the viability of a liver graft with degradation of ATP, and a heat insulator reduces rewarming injury.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes