The protective effect of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), an antiulcer drug, against the acute toxicity and teratogenicity produced by 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) was examined in C57BL/6J mice. When mice were co-treated, GGA reduced the loss of body weight gain and lethality produced by TCDD but hepatomegaly and thymic atrophy were not improved. Additionally, no protective effect of GGA was observed in the formation of cleft palate and hydronephrosis in mouse fetuses caused by maternal exposure to TCDD. To clarify the reducing mechanism by GGA, the Hsp70.1 mRNA levels in liver and intestine were analyzed. However, it was difficult to explain the effect of GGA from the induction of Hsp70.1. GGA had also no effect on the induction of hepatic ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity by TCDD. These data suggest that GGA exhibits a protective effect against some forms of dioxin toxicity by a mechanism without involving inhibition of arylhydrocarbon receptor activation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science