Reductive coupling of benzyl bromide catalyzed by a novel dicobalt complex having two salen units

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Abstract

A novel dicobalt complex[CoII2L] has been synthesized, where (L)4- is a dinucleating ligand derived by the 2: 2: 1 condensation of ethylenediamine, salicylaldehyde, and 5,5′-methylenebis(salicylaldehyde), and it has two N2O2 metal-binding sites which are linked to each other with a methylene spacer. This complex was characterized by UV-VIS, IR, and NMR as well as mass spectroscopy. Its redox behavior was investigated in dmf using cyclic voltammetry in comparison with that for the corresponding mononuclear complex [Co(salen)]. The redox couples to CoIII-CoII and CoII-CoI for [CoII2L] were observed at +0.09 and - 1.20 V vs. Ag-AgCl, respectively. These potentials are quite similar to those for [Co(salen)]. The electro-generated [CoI2- reacts with alkyl halide at each metal center to give an organocobalt complex. A further one-electron reduction of the compound yields an unstable intermediate that undergoes rapid decomposition by cleavage of the cobalt-carbon bond. The electrolysis of benzyl bromide at - 1.40 V vs. Ag-AgCl in the presence of the dicobalt complex yields bibenzyl as the major product. On the other hand, when [Co(salen)] was used as a catalyst, toluene was obtained as the major product. The difference in the product distribution is due to the structural properties of the catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1971-1974
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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