Reflection of the Ictal Electrocorticographic Discharges Confined to the Medial Temporal Lobe to the Scalp-Recorded Electroencephalogram

Nobutaka Mukae, Takafumi Shimogawa, Ayumi Sakata, Taira Uehara, Hiroshi Shigeto, Koji Yoshimoto, Takato Morioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Previous reports on the simultaneous recording of electroencephalography (EEG) and electrocorticography (ECoG) have demonstrated that, in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), ictal ECoG discharges with an amplitude as high as 1000 μV originating from the medial temporal lobe could not be recorded on EEG. In contrast, ictal EEG discharges were recorded after ictal ECoG discharges propagated to the lateral temporal lobe. Here, we report a case of TLE in which the ictal EEG discharges, corresponding to ictal ECoG discharges confined to the medial temporal lobe, were recorded. Case report: In the present case, ictal EEG discharges were hardly recognized when the amplitude of the ECoG discharges was less than 1500 μV. During the evolution and burst suppression phase, corresponding to highly synchronized ECoG discharges with amplitudes greater than 1500 to 2000 μV, rhythmic negative waves with the same frequency were clearly recorded both on the lateral temporal lobe and scalp. The amplitude of the lateral temporal ECoG was approximately one-tenth of that of the medial temporal ECoG. The amplitude of the scalp EEG was approximately one-tenth of that of the lateral temporal ECoG. Conclusions: Highly synchronized ictal ECoG discharges with high amplitude of greater than 1500 to 2000 μV in the medial temporal lobe could be recorded on the scalp as ictal EEG discharges via volume conduction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical EEG and Neuroscience
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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