Reforming of volatiles from the biomass pyrolysis over charcoal in a sequence of coke deposition and steam gasification of coke

Sou Hosokai, Koyo Norinaga, Tokuji Kimura, Masaki Nakano, Chun Zhu Li, Jun Ichiro Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nascent volatiles from the pyrolysis of a type of woody biomass were reformed in a bed of charcoal at 750-850 °C. While the volatiles passed through the bed together with air at an air ratio of 0.115, the concentration of heavy tar (bp > 336 °C) decreased from 910 000 to 6-1020 mg/Nm 3dry. This rapid and almost total decomposition of the tar can be ascribed to its deposition onto the charcoal surface, forming coke. The coke formation leads to the loss of the charcoal micropores that provide active sites. Therefore, simultaneous creation of micropores by gasification is necessary to maintain the charcoal activity. Steam played the role of gasifying agent, while O2 was consumed mainly by gas-phase oxidation that supplied the heat for the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5387-5393
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 17 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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