Regulation of SV40 large T-antigen stability by reversible acetylation

T. Shimazu, Y. Komatsu, K. I. Nakayama, H. Fukazawa, S. Horinouchi, M. Yoshida

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Abstract

Reversible acetylation on protein lysine residues has been shown to regulate the function of both nuclear proteins such as histones and p53 and cytoplasmic proteins such as α-tubulin. To identify novel acetylated proteins, we purified several proteins by the affinity to an anti-acetylated-lysine antibody from cells treated with trichostatin A (TSA). Among the proteins identified, here we report acetylation of the SV40 large T antigen (T-Ag). The acetylation site was determined to be lysine-697, which is located adjacent to the C-terminal Cdc4 phospho-degron (CPD). Overexpression of the CBP acetyltransferase acetylated T-Ag, whereas HDAC1, HDAC3 and SIRT1 bound and deacetylated T-Ag. The acetylation and deacetylation occurred independently of p53, a binding partner of T-Ag, but the acetylation was enhanced in the presence of p53. T-Ag in the cells treated with TSA and NA or the acetylation mimic mutant (K697Q) became unstable in COS-7 cells, suggesting that acetylation regulates stability of T-Ag. Indeed, NIH3T3 cells stably expressing K697Q showed decreased anchorage-independent growth compared with those expressing wild type or the K697R mutant. These results demonstrate that acetylation destabilizes T-Ag and regulates the transforming activity of T-Ag in NIH3T3 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7391-7400
Number of pages10
JournalOncogene
Volume25
Issue number56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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    Shimazu, T., Komatsu, Y., Nakayama, K. I., Fukazawa, H., Horinouchi, S., & Yoshida, M. (2006). Regulation of SV40 large T-antigen stability by reversible acetylation. Oncogene, 25(56), 7391-7400. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1209731