Reversible acetylation on protein lysine residues has been shown to regulate the function of both nuclear proteins such as histones and p53 and cytoplasmic proteins such as α-tubulin. To identify novel acetylated proteins, we purified several proteins by the affinity to an anti-acetylated-lysine antibody from cells treated with trichostatin A (TSA). Among the proteins identified, here we report acetylation of the SV40 large T antigen (T-Ag). The acetylation site was determined to be lysine-697, which is located adjacent to the C-terminal Cdc4 phospho-degron (CPD). Overexpression of the CBP acetyltransferase acetylated T-Ag, whereas HDAC1, HDAC3 and SIRT1 bound and deacetylated T-Ag. The acetylation and deacetylation occurred independently of p53, a binding partner of T-Ag, but the acetylation was enhanced in the presence of p53. T-Ag in the cells treated with TSA and NA or the acetylation mimic mutant (K697Q) became unstable in COS-7 cells, suggesting that acetylation regulates stability of T-Ag. Indeed, NIH3T3 cells stably expressing K697Q showed decreased anchorage-independent growth compared with those expressing wild type or the K697R mutant. These results demonstrate that acetylation destabilizes T-Ag and regulates the transforming activity of T-Ag in NIH3T3 cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research