Relation between radiographic mottle for double and single emulsions

Hidetaka Arimura, Tomohiko Okawa, Mitsuhide Okamoto, Takeshi Ikari, Nobuyuki Nakamori, Hideaki Kubota, Masao Matsumoto, Atsushi Takigawa, Hitoshi Kanamori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The radiographic density fluctuations produced by using dual screen- film systems are designated as the radiographic mottle. The density fluctuation of the radiographic mottle for the double emulsions at a density of the double emulsions consists of those for the front and back emulsions on a radiograph. However, the relation between the Wiener spectra of the radiographic mottle for the double and single emulsions had not been studied. Hence we compared the Wiener spectra of the radiographic mottle for the double emulsions with the sum of those for the front and back emulsions on the same radiographs and with the sum of those for the emulsions at the same densities. At all densities of more than 0.62 for lower spatial frequencies (≤ 1 mm-1), the Wiener spectral values of the radiographic mottle for the double emulsions were greater than the sum of those for the front and back emulsions for both comparisons on the same radiographs and at the same densities. In order to investigate the reason of the above phenomena, we separated the Wiener spectral values of the radiographic mottle for various densities into those of the three factors, i.e., quantum mottle, structure mottle, and film granularity, and performed the same comparisons as the radiographic mottle. Also, to explain the results for the three factors, we obtained the Wiener spectral values of the spatial fluctuations of the light exposure or the fluorescence intensity and the gradients of the characteristic curves of the film for the double and single emulsions of the x-ray film. As a result of the investigation, we found that the phenomena on the radiographic mottle were caused by that (1) on the same radiographs the squares of the gradients of the characteristic curves for the double emulsions were about 5.3 times as great as those for the single emulsion at densities of more than 0.62 of the double emulsions, and (2) at the same density of more than 0.62 those were more than about 2.2 times as great as those for the single emulsion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1625-1635
Number of pages11
JournalMedical physics
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Arimura, H., Okawa, T., Okamoto, M., Ikari, T., Nakamori, N., Kubota, H., Matsumoto, M., Takigawa, A., & Kanamori, H. (1998). Relation between radiographic mottle for double and single emulsions. Medical physics, 25(9), 1625-1635. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.598343