Relation between the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Physical Fitness Tests in Elderly Women

Hayato Uchida, Yoshio Mino, Toshihide Tsuda, Akira Babazono, Yuichi Kawada, Hidetoshi Araki, Takanori Ogawa, Hideyasu Aoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted to quantitatively evaluate the relationship between the instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and various physical fitness tests in elderly women living at home. The study focused on the total population of those women aged 65 years and over living in Y Town, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan, who visited a nursing home for day services. A total of 128 subjects were divided into two groups: dependent in IADL group (n = 49) and independent in IADL group (n = 79). The magnitude of the relation was evaluated by the odds ratio (OR). The following tests showed a significant decrease in IADL: knee-raising test [age-adjusted OR=4.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.81-9.87], height (age-adjusted OR=4.09, 95% CI 1.75-9.56), grip strength (age-adjusted OR=3.68, 95% CI 1.57-8.60), sit-and-reach test (age-adjusted OR=2.76, 95% Cl 1.20-6.34), and standing on one leg with closed eyes (age-adjusted OR=2.56, 95% Cl 1.09-5.97). Multivariate analysis' using Hayashi's quantification method I indicated that knee-raising was the test most highly correlated with decreased IADL. These results suggest that measurement of knee-raising ability, muscle strength of the lower extremities and flexibility of hip joint could be the most useful factors to assess the level of instrumental self-support ability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-333
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume50
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1996

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Physical Fitness
Nursing
Activities of Daily Living
Muscle
Odds Ratio
Knee
Confidence Intervals
Hip Joint
Muscle Strength
Hand Strength
Nursing Homes
Multivariate Analysis
Lower Extremity
Leg
Japan
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Uchida, H., Mino, Y., Tsuda, T., Babazono, A., Kawada, Y., Araki, H., ... Aoyama, H. (1996). Relation between the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Physical Fitness Tests in Elderly Women. Acta medica Okayama, 50(6), 325-333.

Relation between the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Physical Fitness Tests in Elderly Women. / Uchida, Hayato; Mino, Yoshio; Tsuda, Toshihide; Babazono, Akira; Kawada, Yuichi; Araki, Hidetoshi; Ogawa, Takanori; Aoyama, Hideyasu.

In: Acta medica Okayama, Vol. 50, No. 6, 01.12.1996, p. 325-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Uchida, H, Mino, Y, Tsuda, T, Babazono, A, Kawada, Y, Araki, H, Ogawa, T & Aoyama, H 1996, 'Relation between the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Physical Fitness Tests in Elderly Women', Acta medica Okayama, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 325-333.
Uchida, Hayato ; Mino, Yoshio ; Tsuda, Toshihide ; Babazono, Akira ; Kawada, Yuichi ; Araki, Hidetoshi ; Ogawa, Takanori ; Aoyama, Hideyasu. / Relation between the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Physical Fitness Tests in Elderly Women. In: Acta medica Okayama. 1996 ; Vol. 50, No. 6. pp. 325-333.
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