Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis

Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Yuko Egami, Takeshi Matsubara, George Koike, Sumio Akifusa, Sumie Jingu, Yoshihisa Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Obesity and exercise are important elements associated with lifestyle-related diseases, and studies suggested that these factors may also be related to periodontitis. This study investigates the relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. Methods: One thousand, one hundred and sixty Japanese subjects, aged 20 to 77 years, who participated in health examinations at Fukuoka Health Promotion Center were analyzed. Periodontal conditions were evaluated using the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and subjects with >3 sextants of CPI code 3 or 4 were defined as having severe peri-odontitis. We used the body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat as indicators of obesity and estimated the maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2max ) during exercise as an indicator of physical fitness. We divided these variables into quintiles. We examined the single effect and interactions of the obesity index and VO 2max on severe periodontitis. Results: The lowest quintile in BMI and the highest quintile inVO 2max were inversely associated with severe periodontitis, singly, in multivariate logistic regression analyses. Subjects with the combined lowest quintile in BMI and the highest quintile in VO 2max had a significantly lower risk of severe periodontitis compared to subjects with other combined quintiles in BMI and in VO 2max (odds ratio: 0.17;95% confidence interval: 0.05 to 0.55). Conclusion: This study suggests that obesity and physical fitness may have some interactive effect on periodontal health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1131
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume81
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2010

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Physical Fitness
Periodontitis
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Periodontal Index
Exercise
Health Promotion
Oxygen Consumption
Health Status
Adipose Tissue
Life Style
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Shimazaki, Y., Egami, Y., Matsubara, T., Koike, G., Akifusa, S., Jingu, S., & Yamashita, Y. (2010). Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. Journal of periodontology, 81(8), 1124-1131. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2010.100017

Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. / Shimazaki, Yoshihiro; Egami, Yuko; Matsubara, Takeshi; Koike, George; Akifusa, Sumio; Jingu, Sumie; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

In: Journal of periodontology, Vol. 81, No. 8, 01.08.2010, p. 1124-1131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shimazaki, Y, Egami, Y, Matsubara, T, Koike, G, Akifusa, S, Jingu, S & Yamashita, Y 2010, 'Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis', Journal of periodontology, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 1124-1131. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2010.100017
Shimazaki Y, Egami Y, Matsubara T, Koike G, Akifusa S, Jingu S et al. Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. Journal of periodontology. 2010 Aug 1;81(8):1124-1131. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2010.100017
Shimazaki, Yoshihiro ; Egami, Yuko ; Matsubara, Takeshi ; Koike, George ; Akifusa, Sumio ; Jingu, Sumie ; Yamashita, Yoshihisa. / Relationship between obesity and physical fitness and periodontitis. In: Journal of periodontology. 2010 ; Vol. 81, No. 8. pp. 1124-1131.
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