Relationship between preoperative sarcopenia status and immuno-nutritional parameters in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer

Fumihiro Shoji, Taichi Matsubara, Yuka Kozuma, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Gouji Toyokawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Yoshihiko Maehara

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although the skeletal muscle in the region of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) is generally assessed in order to judge sarcopenia, not every patient with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoes computed tomography including the L3 region. We hypothesized that immuno-nutritional parameters could predict the existence of sarcopenia in patients with NSCLC. Aim: The aim of this study was to retrospectively investigate the correlation between preoperative sarcopenia and immuno-nutritional parameters in patients with early-stage NSCLC. Patients and Methods: We selected 147 of patients with pathological stage I NSCLC who underwent preoperative measurement of immuno-nutritional parameters and CT including the L3 region. Results: Preoperative sarcopenia was significantly associated with female gender (p=0.0003) and poor prognosis (p=0.0322). In Kaplan-Meier analysis of overall survival (OS) by preoperative sarcopenia status, the sarcopenic group had significantly shorter OS than the non-sarcopenic group (5-year OS: 87.27% vs. 77.37%, p=0.0131, log-rank test). In multivariate analysis, the preoperative sarcopenia status (hazard ratio=5.138; 95% confidence interval=2.305-11.676; p<0.0001) was an independent prognostic factor. Preoperative sarcopenia status was significantly related to controlling nutritional status score (p=0.0071) and Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) (p<0.0001). Spearman's correlation test showed good significant correlation between preoperative sarcopenia status and GNRI (r=0.348, p<0.0001). Conclusion: The preoperative GNRI is a simple and useful predictor for existence of preoperative sarcopenia which was associated with poor outcome in patients with early-stage NSCLC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6997-7003
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer research
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Shoji, F., Matsubara, T., Kozuma, Y., Haratake, N., Akamine, T., Takamori, S., Katsura, M., Toyokawa, G., Okamoto, T., & Maehara, Y. (2017). Relationship between preoperative sarcopenia status and immuno-nutritional parameters in patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. Anticancer research, 37(12), 6997-7003. https://doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.12168