Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation

A pilot study

Motoki Watabe, Takahiro Kato, Alan R. Teo, Hideki Horikawa, Masaru Tateno, Kohei Hayakawa, Norihiro Shimokawa, Shigenobu Kanba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as "modern-type depression" and "hikikomori" (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate realworld interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0120183
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2 2015

Fingerprint

social networks
Psychometrics
Social Support
Psychiatry
Depression
interpersonal relationships
questionnaires
agitation
Health
Economics
Regression analysis
Interpersonal Relations
economic impact
college students
Psychopathology
Research
cooperatives
Cooperative Behavior
Students
Japan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation : A pilot study. / Watabe, Motoki; Kato, Takahiro; Teo, Alan R.; Horikawa, Hideki; Tateno, Masaru; Hayakawa, Kohei; Shimokawa, Norihiro; Kanba, Shigenobu.

In: PloS one, Vol. 10, No. 4, e0120183, 02.04.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watabe, Motoki ; Kato, Takahiro ; Teo, Alan R. ; Horikawa, Hideki ; Tateno, Masaru ; Hayakawa, Kohei ; Shimokawa, Norihiro ; Kanba, Shigenobu. / Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation : A pilot study. In: PloS one. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 4.
@article{80f78b7b9f534b87a8ddc93336ca4e55,
title = "Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation: A pilot study",
abstract = "Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as {"}modern-type depression{"} and {"}hikikomori{"} (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate realworld interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.",
author = "Motoki Watabe and Takahiro Kato and Teo, {Alan R.} and Hideki Horikawa and Masaru Tateno and Kohei Hayakawa and Norihiro Shimokawa and Shigenobu Kanba",
year = "2015",
month = "4",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0120183",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between trusting behaviors and psychometrics associated with social network and depression among young generation

T2 - A pilot study

AU - Watabe, Motoki

AU - Kato, Takahiro

AU - Teo, Alan R.

AU - Horikawa, Hideki

AU - Tateno, Masaru

AU - Hayakawa, Kohei

AU - Shimokawa, Norihiro

AU - Kanba, Shigenobu

PY - 2015/4/2

Y1 - 2015/4/2

N2 - Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as "modern-type depression" and "hikikomori" (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate realworld interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.

AB - Maladaptive social interaction and its related psychopathology have been highlighted in psychiatry especially among younger generations. In Japan, novel expressive forms of psychiatric phenomena such as "modern-type depression" and "hikikomori" (a syndrome of severe social withdrawal lasting for at least six months) have been reported especially among young people. Economic games such as the trust game have been utilized to evaluate realworld interpersonal relationships as a novel candidate for psychiatric evaluations. To investigate the relationship between trusting behaviors and various psychometric scales, we conducted a trust game experiment with eighty-one Japanese university students as a pilot study. Participants made a risky financial decision about whether to trust each of 40 photographed partners. Participants then answered a set of questionnaires with seven scales including the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS)-6 and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9. Consistent with previous research, male participants trusted partners more than female participants. Regression analysis revealed that LSNS-family (perceived support from family) for male participants, and item 8 of PHQ-9 (subjective agitation and/or retardation) for female participants were associated with participants' trusting behaviors. Consistent with claims by social scientists, our data suggest that, for males, support from family was negatively associated with cooperative behavior toward non-family members. Females with higher subjective agitation (and/or retardation) gave less money toward males and high attractive females, but not toward low attractive females in interpersonal relationships. We believe that our data indicate the possible impact of economic games in psychiatric research and clinical practice, and validation in clinical samples including modern-type depression and hikikomori should be investigated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926443660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926443660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0120183

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0120183

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

M1 - e0120183

ER -