Relationship of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and red blood cell filterability: Cross-sectional study of healthy subjects

Jun Ichi Ejima, Tetsuo Ijichi, Yasushi Ohnishi, Toru Maruyama, Yoshikazu Kaji, Shozo Kanaya, Takehiko Fujino, Nobuhiro Uyesaka, Takeshi Ohmura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The deformability of red blood cells (RBCs) is an important rheologic factor in the maintenance of normal blood flow in the microcirculation. Contrary to the well-known relationship between hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis, the relationship between RBC rheology and the serum lipid profile has remained controversial and obscure. Moreover, the correlation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol and RBC deformability has not been fully understood. In the present cross-sectional study of 139 apparently healthy subjects, we investigated whole-cell deformability (filterability) of RBCs in relation to the lipid profile, using a nickel mesh filter with 3.2- μm pores. RBC filterability was independent of gender, age and serum levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol. The filterability was significantly proportional to the HDL-cholesterol values (r = 0.382, p < 0.01), whereas it was inversely proportional to the triglyceride levels (r = -0.259, p < 0.01). These findings may provide new insight into the role of HDL-cholesterol not only in preventing atherosclerotic progression but also in improving RBC filterability.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-7
    Number of pages7
    JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
    Volume22
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Physiology
    • Hematology
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
    • Physiology (medical)

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