Relationship of metabolic syndrome to periodontal disease in Japanese women: The Hisayama study

Y. Shimazaki, T. Saito, K. Yonemoto, Y. Kiyohara, M. Iida, Y. Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that several systemic conditions - such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes - are related to periodontitis. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between periodontitis and 5 components of metabolic syndrome-abdominal obesity, triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, blood pressure, and fasting blood sugar level - in 584 Japanese women. In multivariate analyses, persons exhibiting more components of metabolic syndrome had significantly higher odds ratios for a greater pocket depth and clinical attachment loss than did those with no components; the odds ratios for a greater pocket depth and clinical attachment loss of the persons exhibiting 4 or 5 components were 6.6 (95% confidence interval = 2.6-16.4) and 4.2 (95% confidence interval = 1.2-14.8), respectively. These results indicate that metabolic syndrome increases risk of periodontitis, and suggest that people exhibiting several components of metabolic syndrome should be encouraged to undergo a periodontal examination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-275
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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