We study the relative position of several subspaces in a separable infinite-dimensional Hilbert space. In finite-dimensional case, Gelfand and Ponomarev gave a complete classification of indecomposable systems of four subspaces. We construct exotic examples of indecomposable systems of four subspaces in infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. We extend their Coxeter functors and defect using Fredholm index. The relative position of subspaces has close connections with strongly irreducible operators and transitive lattices. There exists a relation between the defect and the Jones index in a type II1 factor setting.
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