Relative Source Locations of Continuous Tremor Before and After the Subplinian Events at Shinmoe-dake, in 2011

M. Ichihara, S. Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Volcano monitoring systems are not always ready to resolve signals at the onset of eruptive activity. This study makes use of stations installed later to calibrate the performance of the stations that had been operated before the eruption. Seven stations recorded continuous volcanic tremor before and during the subplinian eruptions of Shinmoe-dake, Japan, in 2011. We estimated the source locations of the tremor using the amplitude distribution. The stability of the analysis was obtained by careful selection of time windows in which signals from a single source are dominated. The site effects and the regional attenuation factor were evaluated using tremor recorded after the major eruptions by a dense seismic array and a good number of stations. A tremor source changed its depth beneath the crater for 1 week before the major eruption, rising from a depth of a few kilometer to the water layer 3 times, each of which occurred following shallow inflation and minor eruptions. It is interpreted as migration of gas probably with magma, which further transported heat to the water layer and triggered the subplinian eruptions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10,871-10,877
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2017

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tremors
volcanic eruptions
volcanic eruption
stations
site effect
inflation
craters
volcanoes
monitoring system
water
magma
crater
volcanology
Japan
volcano
attenuation
heat
station
gases
gas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Relative Source Locations of Continuous Tremor Before and After the Subplinian Events at Shinmoe-dake, in 2011. / Ichihara, M.; Matsumoto, S.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, No. 21, 16.11.2017, p. 10,871-10,877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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