Through experiments, we studied defect turbulence, a type of spatiotemporal chaos in planar systems of nematic liquid crystals, to clarify the chaotic advection of weak turbulence. In planar systems of large aspect ratio, structural relaxation, which is characterized by the dynamic structure factor, exhibits a long-period oscillation that is described well by a combination of a simple exponential relaxation and underdamped oscillation. The simple relaxation arises as a result of the roll modulation while the damped oscillation is manifest in the repetitive gliding of defect pairs in a local area. Each relaxation is derived analytically by the projection operator method that separates turbulent transport into a macroscopic contribution and fluctuations. The analysis proposes that the two relaxations are not correlated. The nonthermal fluctuations of defect turbulence are consequently separated into two independent Markov processes. Our approach sheds light on diversity and universality from a unified viewpoint for weak turbulence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics