Release of alkali and alkaline earth metallic species during rapid pyrolysis of a Victorian brown coal at elevated pressures

Chirag Sathe, Jun Ichiro Hayashi, Chun Zhu Li, Tadatoshi Chiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Possible reaction mechanisms responsible for the release of Na and Mg during pyrolysis at elevated pressures are described in this paper. In order to evaluate these mechanisms a Victorian brown coal, Loy Yang coal, was pyrolysed in a wire-mesh reactor at pressures up to 6.1 MPa at a heating rate of 1000 °C s-1. Release of Na and Mg were quantified as functions of temperature and pressure. The results demonstrated that increasing pressure suppresses or promotes release of Na and Mg depending on the combination of pressure and temperature. The results obtained have been explained qualitatively by the proposed reaction mechanisms. At temperatures of 600 °C and lower, the release of Na and Mg from the pyrolysing coal/char particles, as light carboxylates, other organic salts and/or metals, was controlled by their diffusion through the pore system of the particles and, therefore, was suppressed by increasing pressure. At higher temperatures, the release of Na and Mg seems to be affected by the changes in intra-particle mass transfer mechanism due to increasing pressure as well as by chemical reactions responsible for the formation of volatile Na and Mg species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1491-1497
Number of pages7
JournalFuel
Volume82
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

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