Remote Thermodynamic Impact of the Kuroshio Current on a Developing Tropical Cyclone Over the Western North Pacific in Boreal Fall

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Abstract

To examine the remote linkage between tropical cyclone (TC) development and moisture transport from the Kuroshio Current toward the TC, we conducted sensitivity experiments that modified the surface latent heat flux (LHF) over the Kuroshio, applying a cloud-resolving regional model and Lagrangian diagnostics to Typhoon Chaba as it approached Japan in October 2010. The synoptic environment was characterized by a combination of an anticyclone of continental origin around Japan and the northward-migrating TC, bringing about low-level northeasterlies over the Kuroshio through an enhanced meridional pressure gradient. When the LHF over the Kuroshio was artificially reduced or removed under this environmental flow, the intensity of the TC, which was fully away from the domain in which the LHF is modified, appreciably attenuated during its developing stage, implying the importance of moisture influx due to the environmental flow in TC development. Since dry air of midlatitude origin could receive little of the moisture supply from the Kuroshio in the sensitivity experiments, the values of equivalent potential temperature within the inflow layer tend to decrease, thus facilitating the weakening of convective updrafts and downdrafts around the eyewall of the TC. It is suggested that such changes act as an inhibitory factor for TC development. The Kuroshio has the potential to remotely influence the TC intensity over the western North Pacific if favorable synoptic conditions are satisfied.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2019JD031356
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 16 2020

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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