Bisphenol A (BPA) and nonylphenol (NP) were treated with manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase prepared from the culture of lignin-degrading fungi. Laccase in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT), the so-called laccase-mediator system, was also applied to remove the estrogenic activity. Both chemicals disappeared in the reaction mixture within a 1-h treatment with MnP but the estrogenic activities of BPA and NP still remained 40% and 60% in the reaction mixtures after a 1-h and a 3-h treatment, respectively. Extension of the treatment time to 12 h completed the removal of estrogenic activities of BPA and NP. The laccase has less ability to remove these activities than MnP, but the laccase-HBT system was able to remove the activities in 6 h. A gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis revealed that main reaction products of BPA and NP may be oligomers formed by the action of enzymes. Enzymatic treatments extended to 48 h did not regenerate the estrogenic activities, suggesting that the ligninolytic enzymes are effective for the removal of the estrogenic activities of BPA and NP. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis