Removal of formaldehyde at low concentration using various activated carbon fibers

Yan Song, Wenming Qiao, Seong-Ho Yoon, Isao Mochida, Quangui Guo, Lang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorption of low concentration formaldehyde on pitch-based, rayon-based, and PAN-based activated carbon fibers (ACFs) and an unactivated PAN-based carbon fiber (PAN-CF) was investigated by a dynamic method. The pore structure and surface chemistry of these samples were characterized by liquid nitrogen adsorption, elemental analysis, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Results revealed that the pore structure, especially surface chemical composition, greatly influence the formaldehyde adsorption. PAN- based ACFs showed the highest formaldehyde adsorption capacity because there are more abundant nitrogen-containing groups, especially pyrrolic, pyridonic, pyridinic, and quaternary on the surface. The breakthrough time and formaldehyde adsorption capacity of one kind of PAN-ACF were 361 min and 0.478 mmol/g, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2151-2157
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume106
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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